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Zoonoses

Brucellosis

Brucellosis is a bacterial disease that is generalized, begins either acutely or insidiously and is characterized by continuous or inconstant fever of variable duration, headaches, weakness, abundant sweating, shivers, pain in the joints, etc. It frequently causes complications in the bones and joints. Recovery from brucellosis is the norm, but it may cause serious disability.


Hydatid disease

This disease is characterized in humans by the appearance of cysts that are really the larval stage of the Echinococcus tapeworm, found in the adult stage in dogs and other carnivores.


Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is the name given to different forms of a certain disease that differ greatly in their seriousness and health effects. The disease is caused by protozoan parasites.


Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The easiest way to become infected by this parasite is by contact with cat faeces or by eating raw or lightly cooked meat that has been contaminated with it.


Trichinosis

Trichinosis is a parasitic disease that afflicts domestic and wild mammals. Humans acquire it by accident when they eat raw or insufficiently cooked meat and meat products from infected animals.


Veterinary surgeons and zoonoses

Veterinary surgeons are, without a doubt, the professionals that have the best information on the measures necessary to prevent or fight zoonoses. They are also the professional sector that contributes the most material and human resources, and the main barrier between animal and human diseases.

What are zoonoses?

Zoonoses are defined as “diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa”. Transmission mechanisms are varied and, on occasion, complex:
1. Through food (foodborne zoonoses): for example, bovine spongiform encephalopathy —mad cow disease— or anisakis from fish.
2. Contact between farm animals and humans: for example, brucella (Maltese fever).
3. Transmission from companion animals: this is one of the most important ways to contract zoonoses.
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